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The Statue of Liberty: France’s Gift to America

The first time I saw the Statue of Liberty was in 1963, the year this photo was taken. My grandparents, in a spirit of incredible courage & generosity, took my cousins & I on a car trip to see American monuments across the United States. We took the ferry across from a pier in Lower

Congress Approves Women’s Right to Vote

On June 4, 1919 Congress approved the 19th Amendment, also known as the Susan B. Anthony Amendment, which states that “The rights of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Congress shall have the power to enforce

THE REMEMBRANCE POPPY & MOINA MICHAEL

In April 1917 the United States entered what is now known as World War I in alliance with the Britain, France, and Russia  against the Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire. According to Americans favoring intervention in the predominantly European war, this war would Make the World Safe for Democracy as well as being

Katherine Naylor: Petition for Divorce Granted

When we left Katherine Naylor in my previous blog, she was 33 years old, a widow with two children and substantial property. In 17th century Puritan New England, widows did not remain unmarried very long, especially if there was property involved. In Puritan culture, marriage was an equal partnership, but the husband was the undisputed

Katherine Wheelwright Nanny Naylor & Puritan Dissension

While the manuscript for Sea Tigers & Merchants wends its way through the pre-publication process, I’m doing research for a prequel to the Salem Stories series. My new story begins in 17th century Salem about forty years before the infamous witch trials. The primary characters are Philip and Mary English whose descendent became Mary Hodges

Goddess Freyja: The Lady

Have you ever noticed how many powerful goddesses are worshiped by warrior societies? It’s as if  a female entity encompasses everything human warriors find most mysterious. And, so for this last week of Women’s History Month, I bring the Norse goddess Freyja to your attention. Freyja is the goddess of Love, Beauty, Fertility, Sex, War,

Women’s History Month with profiles of Jeannette Rankin & Anna May Wong

The month of March has eleven awareness celebrations. Some may seem slightly silly, like National Celery Month, established in 2015; others, like Irish American Heritage Month established in 1995, celebrate American diversity.* The designation I find most meaningful is WOMEN’S HISTORY MONTH. I ‘m dating myself when I share that when I was growing up,

George Washington’s Teeth

Recently I found myself practicing breathing exercises while my dentist injected numbing medication into my gums. Somehow I had managed to acquire a cavity at the back edge of an existing crown. The crown had to be removed, the cavity treated, and a new crown acquired. And, of course, the afflicted tooth was a the

Puritans — More Romantic Than You Might Think

Valentine’s Day will soon be here, a day for romance & flowers; cupids & candy in heart-shaped boxes. Like many days our calendars commemorate, Valentine’s Day is largely an invention from the Victorian Age. Romantic love has a much longer history, but was not always the foundation of courtship and marriage. In doing research for