Throughout the summer I’ve highlighted books I enjoyed reading. It’s the last week of August, and today is the final installment of Summer Reads for 2018. I don’t know if the books under discussion have been to your taste. They’re all books I enjoyed with historical fiction and literary fiction the most represented genres. The historical fiction has run the gamut from lighter reading to books written more densely.
Today I want to introduce you to the two living authors who influence my writing: Antonia Fraser and Philippa Gregory. Both are prolific writers and excellent researchers. Both bring their subjects to life with descriptions that give the readers a “you are there” feeling. Allow me to introduce them to you.
Antonia Fraser read History at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford. She writes History, not historical fiction, about women, men, and events. Her first book Mary, Queen of Scots, appeared in 1969 and broke all sales records for a book about a historical woman written by a female author.
The Weaker Vessel: Women’s Lot in Seventeenth Century England came out in 1984 and is an important book for the field of women’s history. As Fraser wrote about James I, Oliver Cromwell, and Charles II, she found many glimpses of women’s lives and compiled them by occupation. Wives, widows, noblewomen, preachers, writers, actresses, businesswomen, nuns, and midwives all appear in The Weaker Vessel.
Fraser’s writing style brings historical documents to life. For example: “At Francis Coke’s marriage, James I himself gave away the bride. Splendid court festivities ensued and the King rounded off his own enjoyment of the proceedings by sending a directive to the newly married pair to the effect the they should be in no hurry to end their wedding-night. He intended to visit them personally, lying in bed, sometime after noon the next day, to hear details of what had transpired. Such visits were a royal hobby.” 
Fraser’s daily writing routine is mornings from 9:30 until lunch. Her writing room is at the top of the house, her cats banished to wait outside the door. At noon she goes to a local Italian restaurant and has a glass of pinot grigio with lunch. If it’s been a good morning, the wine is celebratory. If the morning hasn’t gone as well as she hoped, the wine is in consolation. Fraser doesn’t work after dinner.
Philippa Gregory is a more controversial figure among historians because she writes historical fiction, which of necessity is less anchored to the historical record than narrative history. She read history at the University of Sussex, and completed a doctorate in 18th century literature at the University of Edinburgh. Gregory expected to get an academic position, but after the success of her fist novel, Wideacre (1987), she began writing full time.
Gregory is best known for her fifteen Plantagenet and Tudor novels. I’ve read about half of them. Most are written in the first person which makes events immediate for the reader, as in this example from The King’s Curse written from the perspective of Margaret Pole.
“My son Arthur, Sir Arthur as I delightedly remind myself to call him, rows in the regatta and beats four other boats before coming in second to a brawny waterman with arms like legs of ham. My son Montague takes bets on the riverbank and wins a purse of gold from the king himself. The happy, noisy court ends the day with a battle of boats with the king’s barge leading the charge against a small flotilla of wherries.” 
If you compare this excerpt with the one from Fraser, the difference between narrative history and historical fiction becomes clear.
Gregory’s writing day begins after breakfast when she edits her work from the day before. Then she moves the story forward. Gregory begins her research with a total biography of a person, and focusses on interesting aspects of the individual’s life that become the foundation for the novel.
My recent books aren’t set in England, but Antonia Fraser and Philippa Gregory’s commitment to solid research and good writing influence my work, because it’s not about the setting or the subject, so much as a commitment to excellence.
- Fraser, Antonia. The Weaker Vessel. NY: Alfred A. Knoph. 1984. p13.
- Gregory, Philippa. The King’s Curse. NY: Simon & Schuster. 2014. p291.
Woman Reading by Kuroda Seiki. Public Domain.
Antonia Fraser by englishpen. Creative Commons Attribution.
Philippa Gregory. Attribution: Larry D. Moore
Jester reading book. Public Domain.
Antonia Fraser. “I was forced to learn typing.” The Guardian. Nov. 11, 2017.
Sandra Wagner-Wright holds the doctoral degree in history and taught women’s and global history at the University of Hawai`i. Sandra travels for her research, most recently to Salem, Massachusetts, the setting of her new Salem Stories series. She also enjoys traveling for new experiences. Recent trips include Antarctica and a river cruise on the Rhine from Amsterdam to Basel.
Sandra particularly likes writing about strong women who make a difference. She lives in Hilo, Hawai`i with her family and writes a blog relating to history, travel, and the idiosyncrasies of life.