Once upon a time, most people lived small, but they weren’t necessarily happy about it. This one room cottage is part of the Ulster Folk Museum in Northern Ireland. It looks charming with its thatched roof and graveled pathway. Inside we see a sitting/sleeping area next to the fire, with kitchen materials close to hand. Smoke stains are clearly visible by the fireside.
In summer people could expand the living area by going outside. In winter, this wasn’t an option.
These weren’t dwellings for one or two people. They housed multi-generation families, and the occasional boarder.
CONTEMPORARY SMALL SPACES: NECESSITY OR TREND?
Urban renters still find themselves crowded into studio apartments of less than 500 square feet, where as Gene Tempest observed, small is not necessarily as wonderful as Tiny House advocates make it seem.
I bring this up because the TINY HOUSE MOVEMENT seems as popular as ever. Enthusiasts find it to be better for the environment and more freeing for the occupant, most often a single person or a couple. Freed from the financial tyranny of a mortgage, people can live off-grid.
Before I continue, I need to draw a distinction between an official Tiny House a person chooses to live in, and structures people refer to as “tiny houses” that are erected as temporary housing for people who have lost their homes to natural disasters. Residents displaced by the on-going volcanic eruption on Hawai`i Island have temporary housing erected at Pahoa Sacred Heart Church. Smaller than a “tiny house,” each unit has 120 square feet. Units are insulated and have electricity. Many include a bed, desk, and chair. Residents have central kitchen and bathroom facilities. The units aren’t intended to be long term housing and are a far cry from the Tiny House structure in the video below.
By definition a Tiny House is any house designed to be a permanent dwelling that is smaller than 500 square feet, most often between 100 and 130 square feet, and may or may not stand on a distinct parcel of land. Some communities allow them to share a piece of land with a standard house on it; others don’t. Few neighborhoods allow a Tiny House on a single parcel. Building codes frequently specify a minimum of 1000 square feet, as well as hook-ups for water and electricity.
Technically, Tiny Houses aren’t RVs or Mobile Homes. In fact, luxury RVs have an astonishing array of interior features that wouldn’t fit in a Tiny House. They also have a much higher price tag.
Tiny Houses share one feature with Recreational Vehicles. They rest on a trailer chassis and are on wheels, ready to hit the road.
The width of a Tiny House is fairly standard, because of road conditions when the house is moved. Designs tend to favor a ground floor with a loft. One set of plans called for the house width to be 6 feet, ten inches, with a length of 16 feet, two inches. The ceiling height on the first floor is six feet, six inches. In the loft it’s 2 feet, 8 inches. But since that’s the primary sleeping area, perhaps the occupant can just slide in from the stairs.
The first floor is cozy, in a bears in the woods sort of way. A porch can extend six feet or so to provide more living area. The kitchen area is four feet, six inches by 4 feet. The great room can be 8 feet by six feet, six inches. And the bathroom is 5 feet, 6 inches by 2 feet. For visual fairness, I’ve included a video tour below of one such house.
In a perverse way, I’m fascinated by Tiny Houses. I think the feeling is left over from visiting my friend when I was about eight years old. Her family had one of those round trailers that they took on vacation. The rest of the time, it sat in the driveway and could be used as a sort of playhouse. I thought the small size of everything was enchanting. I too was small at the time.
But like Alice in Wonderland, I’ve grown quite tall. And I’ve accumulated various items, like furniture. Before World War II, people wished for housing with bedrooms and indoor plumbing. Nowadays people wonder what it might be like to fit their lives into 150 square feet. I don’t suppose we’ll ever be content with our housing options.
Cottage from Meenagaargh near Plumbridge, in the Sporrans. Ulster Folk Museum, Northern Ireland. Attribution: Albert Bridge.
Meenagaargh Cottage Interior. Attribution: Albert Bridge.
Street in Tenement District. Manhattan, 1900. Public Domain.
Studio Apartment in Minneapolis by AlexiusHoratius. Creative Commons Attribution.
Tiny Mobile House in Portland, OR by Tammy. Creative Commons Attribution.
Tiny House Interior by Tammy, Creative Commons Attribution.
1966 Sunliner Caravan by sv1ambo. Creative Commons Attribution.
Callis, Tom. “Transitional Housing Blessed.” Hawaii Tribune-Herald. July 1, 2018. A1, A6.
Rebecca Peitsch. “Tiny Houses Are Trendy, Minimalist and Often Illegal.” PBS. July 6, 2016.
Tasha Murtaugh. “Are People Actually Happier in Tiny Houses?” Country Living. July 20, 2017.
Gene Tempest. “What No One Ever Tells You About Tiny Homes.” New York Times. June 2, 2017.
Sandra Wagner-Wright holds the doctoral degree in history and taught women’s and global history at the University of Hawai`i. Sandra travels for her research, most recently to Salem, Massachusetts, the setting of her new Salem Stories series. She also enjoys traveling for new experiences. Recent trips include Antarctica and a river cruise on the Rhine from Amsterdam to Basel.
Sandra particularly likes writing about strong women who make a difference. She lives in Hilo, Hawai`i with her family and writes a blog relating to history, travel, and the idiosyncrasies of life.